September 12, 2017
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The Baker’s Baked Good
burrowbasque

Classically plain Jane, the gâteau Basque continues to pop up at some of the more interesting restaurants and bakeries.

On a recent visit to Clear Flour Bread in Brookline, Massachusetts, I made an impulse purchase of a piece of cake that, admittedly, looked rather plain. The low-rise, unadorned slice looked more like a glorified sugar cookie than a cake cake. There was no frosting. It was beige in color with a shiny egg wash and scoring on top, with little to hint at what was inside. When I bit into it, my instincts were confirmed in spades. The firm yet sandy top crust gave way to a filling that the French might call moelleux—soft, luscious custard with a juicy cherry in every other bite. This, the gâteau Basque, was a perfect pastry.

The beauty of the gâteau Basque is its simplicity. In its most classic form, the homey dessert is a two-crusted tart—i.e., a tart with both a bottom and a top crust—with a cherry jam or custard filling that’s often flavored with rum. The cake gets its name from the mountainous region that straddles France and Spain, where it’s called pastel vasco, and the choice of fruit reflects pride for Itxassou cherries, a local heirloom variety. The crust, a sweet sablé dough, is baked until it’s deep brown and has solidified into a sturdy case for the filling. Though the exterior is crunchy and fine-crumbed, as your teeth make their way to the center, the texture of the pastry gets moister, and, well, more cakelike. It’s a delightfully nuanced sensation for such a straightforward dessert.

David Lebovitz, the author of several baking books, first fell in love with the cake when he was the pastry chef at Chez Panisse. He introduced gâteau Basque to the menu, inspired by a recipe he had seen in Paula Wolfert’s The Cooking of Southwest France. It was a hit. “It was freshly made, it was still warm—I don’t know if we served it with anything or just some whipped cream, but it was always popular,” recalls Lebovitz.

While gâteau Basque might never gain the notoriety of say, kouign amann, the regional French pastry continues to pop up at some of the more interesting restaurants and bakeries. Recently, Lebovitz had what he deemed the best gâteau Basque of his life, served with huckleberry sauce and toasted almond ice cream, at Tartine Manufactory in San Francisco. “Gâteau Basque is not showy and it’s not photogenic—it’s not a sexy dessert,” Lebovitz asserts. “That’s not meant as a criticism, because when I had it at Tartine it stopped me in my tracks.”

A cherry filled gâteau Basque from the Pastry Studio

Gâteau Basque is a baker’s baked good. When I approached Ayako Kurokawa, the pastry chef who runs Burrow, a tiny shop in the lobby of an office building in Brooklyn’s Dumbo neighborhood, she confided that she was delighted that I had inquired about that cake in particular. “Few customers have an understanding of what it is,” says Kurokawa, who specializes in classic French desserts, among them lemony madeleines and a far Breton that made me weak in the knees. “I love it. It’s cakey and moist, like a cookie. Some customers really love it, but it’s not as popular as chocolate chip cookies.”

Ayako makes her gâteau Basque (see top photo) with a rum-flavored dough (“When it bakes, the aroma of rum is unbelievable”) and pipes it directly into the mold because it’s that soft. Her gâteaux are usually two-crusted, homemade cherry-jam numbers, but if she’s running low on batter, she’ll make a single-crust cake filled with pastry cream and topped with fruit—sometimes grapes, pears, apricots, or other stone fruit in place of the usual cherries, which get melty when they bake.

Alex Raij, chef-owner of Txikito, a Basque restaurant in New York City, and author of The Basque Cookbook, where her recipe for gâteau Basque appears, first fell in love with the dessert at Honey Bear Bakery in Seattle, Washington. “It was next level, almost too refined,” says Raij, who recalls a seamless crust that was so perfect you couldn’t even see the traces of piping. “They had a ton of custard inside, and it was like, how did they do this?” At Txikito, she makes her cake with custard, too, which she flavors with mahrab, a powder made from ground cherry pits that gives the cream a bitter almond flavor that plays well with cherries.

But gâteau Basque is not limited to the kitchens of professionals. “French people don’t bake at home like we do, which always shocks Americans,” says Lebovitz. “But I think gâteau Basque is something people bake at home because it’s simple. Basically make a dough, buy a jar of jam, and you put it together.”

Just like that, Lebovitz emboldened me to try his recipe from Ready for Dessert, which incorporates almonds into the crust and doctors the cherry jam with brandy, rum, and anise liqueur. It’s exactly the type of recipe I like—unfussy, not too many ingredients, delicious results. The dough came together easily in the food processor and, as Leibovitz warned in the book, was extremely soft, but forgiving. Though my top and bottom crusts tore when I transferred them from the counter to the springform pan, the oven all but erased my rudimentary patchwork. But I didn’t sweat it. It is a rustic cake, after all.

Read about the Pastry Studio’s fun baking the gâteau Basque here

Cherry Gâteau Basque

Cherry Gâteau Basque

8-10 servings

Ingredients

  • Dough
  • 1½ cups all-purpose flour
  • ½ cup sliced blanched almonds
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ¾ cups sugar
  • ½ cup unsalted butter, at room temperature
  • 1 large egg
  • 1 large egg yolk
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • ½ teaspoon almond extract
  • Filling
  • 1 cup good-quality sour cherry jam
  • 2 teaspoons rum
  • 1 teaspoon brandy
  • ¾ teaspoons anise-flavored liqueur, such as Pernod or ouzo
  • 1 large egg yolk
  • 1 teaspoon whole milk

David Lebovitz gives guidance for making and baking all things sweet in Ready for Dessert. During cherry season, Lebovitz recommends serving the cake with a compote made from the fruit, plus a scoop of vanilla ice cream. It’s also a perfect picnic cake—rugged enough to pack, delightful enough to look forward to.

The Basque region is an area that spans the border between Spain and France, where a strong sense of nationalism has fueled a desire for independence among some of the Basque people. (I recommend not bringing up the topic if you go for a visit.) But one thing that all sides can agree on is that gâteau Basque is one of the region’s tastiest achievements and a great source of pride.

I’m an impartial observer, but I am partial to this dessert, which is a cross between a cake and a big cookie. But being Basque, it’s naturally subject to controversy: Some versions have pastry cream sandwiched between the layers, and others are filled with cherry jam. While happily tasting my way through various examples in the region, I’ve enjoyed versions of both, which is a pretty good way to keep the peace.

Don’t be too concerned if the dough falls apart as you roll it; it can be pinched together and will still bake up perfectly.

Variation: A prune filling for gâteau Basque isn’t exactly traditional, but since the nearby Gascon region is famous for its prunes, I’ll often make a filling with them: Quarter 8 ounces of pitted prunes; heat them in a small saucepan with 3 tablespoons brandy, 1 tablespoon rum, 1 tablespoon anise-flavored liqueur, 1/4 cup sugar, and 1/4 cup water. When the liquid comes to a boil, cover, and remove from the heat. Once cool, process the mixture in a food processor fitted with the metal blade until chunky and use in place of the cherry jam.

  1. To make the dough, in a food processor fitted with the metal blade, process the flour, almonds, baking powder, salt, and sugar until the almonds are ground to a powder. Add the butter and process until the butter is in tiny pieces.
  2. Add the egg, egg yolk, and the vanilla and almond extracts and pulse until the dough comes together. Divide the dough into 2 pieces, one slightly larger than the other, form each into a disk, wrap in plastic wrap, and refrigerate for 1 hour.
  3. Preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C). Butter the bottom and sides of a 9-inch (23-cm) springform pan, dust it with flour, and tap out any excess.
  4. To make the filling, in a small bowl, mix the cherry jam, rum, brandy, and anise-flavored liqueur. Set aside.
  5. Dust the larger disk of dough on both sides with flour and roll it out to a 10-inch (25-cm) circle between 2 sheets of lightly floured plastic wrap. Peel off the top sheet of plastic and invert the dough into the prepared pan. Peel off the sheet of plastic that is now on top and press the dough gently into the bottom of the pan and partially up the sides. Don’t worry if the dough tears; it’s very forgiving—just patch and press together. Spread the filling over the dough, leaving a 1-inch (3-cm) border.
  6. Roll out the second piece of dough between 2 sheets of lightly floured plastic wrap. Peel off the top sheet of plastic and invert the dough over the filling. Peel off the sheet of plastic that’s now on top. Gently press the edges together to enclose the filling.
  7. In a small bowl, whisk together the egg yolk and milk and brush it liberally over the top. Rake the tines of a fork 5 or 6 times over the surface in two diagonally opposing directions to create a crosshatch design.
  8. Bake the cake until the top is deep golden brown, about 40 minutes. Let cool for a few minutes, then run a knife around the sides to loosen it from the pan. Release the sides of the springform pan and let cool completely. Cut into wedges and serve.
  9. STORAGE: Gâteau Basque is actually better the second day, after the flavors have had a chance to meld. Wrapped tightly in plastic wrap, it’ll keep for about 1 week at room temperature.

Gabriella Gershenson

Gabriella Gershenson is a food writer and editor based in New York City. She's been on staff at Rachel Ray Every Day, Saveur, and Time Out New York, and her work has appeared in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Boston Globe, and many other publications. Find her on Instagram and Twitter at @gabiwrites.

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